Are they able to readily obtain education and jobs? Are immigrants from some backgrounds doing better than others?
Drawing on major surveys of social cohesion, as well as demographic and other data, Andrew Markus examines how well newer immigrants are being accepted by the wider Australian community. He shows that despite Australia's controversial asylum policies and certain incidents, actually Australia's immigration program is relatively successful by international standards. Read preview Overview. Surrender Australia?
X, No. Treatment of Immigrant Workers Backfires. The American Prospect, Vol. Many of the congestion issues result from the fact that the visitors are concentrated in key cities.
In an interview with Australian radio, the multicultural affairs minister Alan Tudge suggested the government could review the migrant visa process to force them to settle outside of the two main cities. Forming three connected but independent areas will give residents more affordable housing, localized jobs with shorter commutes, and better access to schools and essential services. Sydney and Melbourne are not isolated cases.
The Australian Chinese granted residency after Tiananmen Square
The World Economic Forum study Migration and Its Impact on Cities highlights the global trend of migrants being attracted to cities that have large populations. The report shows how migration and urbanization are linked, since many migrants remain in cities driving both economic and population growth. Cities like Dubai and Brussels have highly mobile workforces with a large proportion of migrants.
In addition, there is a trend which shows a greater proportion of immigrants are now coming from Asia rather than from Europe. This has contributed to the feeling that the notion of a typical Australia is being constantly redefined, with a mix of many different cultures and languages.
Australia's Immigration Revolution
In order to continue welcoming migrants, Australia will need to address the cultural integration of its newcomers, as well as tackling city planning and expanding public services. Johnny Wood , Writer, Formative Content. The views expressed in this article are those of the author alone and not the World Economic Forum. I accept.
Will it choose to keep growing? Rating details. Sort order. Mar 22, Trevor rated it it was amazing Shelves: social-theory , history , race. This is a very interesting book. This book is particularly good as it gives an indication of how Australia fits within the global community and in relation to other nation states and their policies. The whole notion of a nation state is fundamentally changing.
It means different things depending on who you are. Then there is also the Internet and other communication technologies which make it infinitely easier to be away from people you love than was true at any other time in history. One of my favourite lines about Australia is from Robert Hughes when he said that being transported here was worse than being transported to the moon, as at least you could generally see the moon from England intermittently.
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Now, you are essentially a day away and always available on Skype. There are, therefore, a class of people who are perpetual tourists in places. This is quite a change for Australia. The only people who really came here in the past were intending to stay for good. That meant that through the homesickness there was also a desire to fit in. Which was also something that matched the local view that strangers needed to assimilate. There are suburbs where waves of previous migrants have settled, but as is shown in some of the statistics here, there have been no ghettos where people have been forced to stay and by the second generation ethnic groups tend to disperse anyway, either moving up to more middle class suburbs or to outer suburbs according to housing affordability.
We could become the whitest nation on earth for a while with a White Australia policy — but the world is increasingly a different place.
All advanced countries are struggling with the problem of an ageing population. This will have major impacts on economic growth and so advanced countries seek to draw in people from other nations to fill the gap. This is becoming less likely from Britain or Europe — what had been our major areas of supply in the past.
The problem is also that we are a post-industrial society — the book claims that worker productivity in Australia is six times that of Asia and twelve times that of Africa. This means we need to draw in educated migrants — drawing brains, rather than having them drained from us, something that is also happening in tandem. As I said, the rest of the developed world is facing exactly the same problems.
So, there is a competition for these highly prized migrants. For this reason we have relaxed our requirements that people come here willing to become permanent citizens. But if life is a series of contradictions, then this is happening at a time of increasingly nationalism in Australia, particularly among young males who are feeling increasingly disenfranchised. The real difficulty is in knowing what Australians really think about these changes.
There is a kind of political double-speak going on by both major parties. But immigrants generally need support in the first couple of years so that they can get on their feet and it is really in the long-term interests of everyone that we make this process as painless as possible. But, again, since we refuse to have the discussion people see giving this kind of assistance to others are somehow rorting the system. Even a racist old fart like John Howard ultimately was forced by circumstance to accept a version of multiculturalism, a word he refused to let pass his lips for a while.
Some quotes: Australia was not only facing a shortage of skilled workers; there was an emerging shortage of the semi-skilled and unskilled. The nature of work had changed: workers were now mobile across international borders. Unlike the immigrants of an earlier generation, many did not come to Australia as permanent settlers. Page xii Given that immigration was running at near-record levels in the months leading to the onset of recession, a very large program was being maintained.
The End of the Chinese 'Christian Revolution' in Australia - ABC Religion & Ethics
Page xiii Australian governments typically respond to economic downturns by cutting immigration, prioritising short-term considerations over long-term need. Page xiv While multiculturalism came under attack from the conservative parties, the party system remained largely impervious to new movements critical of immigration and ethnic diversity, in contrast to Europe where openly racist parties have established small parliamentary bridgeheads. Page xviii Howard policy was to minimise public discussion and, despite signals to the contrary from Minister Evans, the Rudd government in its first period of office was continuing the same approach.
This approach seems to be unviable in the long term. Page xix Public discussion focuses on the number of immigrants reaching Australia. Page 4 Once Australia and the handful of other nations seeking to recruit immigrants were to a very large extent able to determine the terms of the immigration market; however, in the last decade, and prior to the impact of the global financial crisis, the number of countries seeking to recruit immigrants greatly increased, leading to a mounting competition for skilled workers.
Page 4 Economic growth in Australia, dependent on capacity to meet labour requirements, will necessitate a continuing large immigration program. Page 5 Since World War II there have been two revolutions in the composition of the immigration intake. Page 11 Relative to the size of their populations, Australia and Canada recruit the highest proportion of their skilled workforce through immigration—around 11 per cent of their skilled working-age population.